Punica Granatum – Pomegranate Tree
The Pomegranate (Punica Granatum) is a small deciduous tree cultivated as a fruit crop in warmer climates, especially the Mediterranean, but in the UK is grown as ornamental shrubs or Specimen Trees in parks and gardens. Mature specimens of pomegranate tree can develop distinctive overall shape which is almost sculptural in form with twisted trunk, irregularly ridged and furrowed bark and thin, stiff, greyish brown twigs which often have a thorny tip.
Punica granatum has glossy, leathery leaves that are narrow and lance shaped, 37 cm long and 2 cm broad. In most places they are deciduous, but in the warmer climates may be evergreen.
The pomegranate tree is worth growing for the flowers alone as it produces attractive bright red tube shaped flowers over 1″ long and about 3cm in diameter with four to five petals (or more in some cultivars). The flowers are self-pollinating, though cross pollination increases fertility.
The edible pomegranate fruit is a rounded hexagonal berry 2.5-5″ wide covered by a thick red, yellow or orange rind. Each fruit contains from 200 to 1400 seeds varying in colour from white to deep red or purple and sectioned off by a white astringent pulp. Each seed is enclosed in a juice filled sack.
The approximate heights are as follows:
3 L – 40/60cm
10/12 L – 80/100cm
18 L – 125/150cm
35 L – 175/200cm
110 L – half-standard, with a height approx. 120cm and crown of 30/40cm in diameter.